In 2016 SUSTAIN has succeeded in bringing to the table a constellation of actors that can influence systemic change. In SAGCOT, the crystallisation of several meaningful partnerships between business, communities and government agencies in Ihemi Kilombero and in Sumbawanga Clusters will allow the programme to demonstrate innovative collaborative arrangements for green and inclusive growth in the sugar, timber, rice, sunflower, maize and honey value chains leading to better outcomes for smallholder farmers and for ecosystems and biodiversity.  At the same time, land use planning, forest management, nature conservation and water resources management activities are being undertaken in a more integrated manner in these landscapes, with SUSTAIN teams on the ground acting as integrators and facilitators of cross-sectoral, multi-stakeholder dialogues and planning processes, which will gain an even stronger footing in 2017.  At corridor and national levels, SUSTAIN is now called upon as a valued partner and advisor by agencies such as SAGCOT Centre Limited, the Ministry of Water  and Irrigation, the Tanzania Land Use Commission, and the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries, both to develop joint programmes of work and to advise on policy matters. 

Ihemi Kilombero Cluster

In the Ihemi-Kilombero Cluster, SUSTAIN activities focused on implementation in the following landscapes: Magombera-Udzungwa corridor, Kilombero Valley, Mngeta corridor and Lukosi sub-catchment. SUSTAIN has successfully built a number of new collaborative arrangements that will showcase integrated management of business, land, water and ecosystems.   These include: a tri-party agreement developed with the Belgian Development Agency (BTC) and Kilombero Valley Teak Company (KVTC) to pilot a collaborative forest management programme using a public private partnership (PPP) model;  an agreement among Illovo Sugar company, communities and the Tanzania Forest service to maintain the conservation status of Magombera Forest reserve; and an MoU signed with the Tanzania Forest Conservation Group (TFCG) to model the establishment of sustainable and participatory land, water, soil, and forest management for the Mngeta sub-catchment on a novel Payment for Ecosystem Services system.  Additional promising concepts are being developed with Illovo Sugar, on conservation covenants with outgrowers and participation in a PES scheme to support community erosion control efforts in the Lukosi sub-catchment. 

Sumbawanga Cluster

In the Sumbawanga Cluster, SNV started actively implementing activities across all workpackages. A MoU was agreed with Lake Rukwa Basin Water Board (LRBWB) for collaboration on local community engagement with respect to the IWRMDP implementation. Institutions were strengthened at the community level, including through the establishment of WUAs and Village Natural Resources Committees (VNRCs) across the three crosscutting sectors: water, agriculture and natural resources conservation. MoUs were signed with three Local Government Associations (LGAs) for the development of land use plans for selected villages in the landscape, to minimise land use conflicts. Selected villages received training on Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA) practices and working collaboration in areas of inclusive business and smallholder farmer’s capacity development was agreed with two agricultural investors: EMPIEN and MSIPAZI. In addition, SUSTAIN initiated steps for the implementation of Payment of Ecosystem Services (PES) involving LRBWB, Mpanda Urban Water Supply Authority and communities around the Manga River.


2016 saw the official launch of the implementation phase of SUSTAIN in Mozambique. In the Zambeze corridor, SUSTAIN was solidly positioned by the end of 2016 with working partnerships established with MITADER, ADVZ, and the Parliament both for activity development and strategic inputs. A strong implementing partner, ADPP-Mozambique, and associated programme of activities were in place for the Cahora Bassa landscape in Tête province.  The lead implementing partner developed, together with representatives of local communities and all the way up to the central government, a full workpackage and workplan. At the time of writing, SUSTAIN had already made great progress to kick-start implementation, with 40 producer clubs established and receiving training and advisory services on climate smart agriculture and climate resilience, water resources management, and market linkages. 

Knowledge - to - Impact

Momentum also gathered under SUSTAIN’s Knowledge-to-Impact component in the realms of business engagement, capacity building, learning and policy influencing.  Business Engagement activities involved both internally and externally facing activities.  Externally, international and national level events as well as communications supported outreach to business, including during the IUCN World Conservation Congress, where a series of events featured SUSTAIN, and though active participation in the Business for Sustainable Landscapes (BSL) events and Action Agenda development.  Internally, emphasis was placed on developing guidance and tools for Implementing Partners and civil society more broadly to engage with business.  A wide range of capacity building activities were conducted and supported at cluster, corridor and national levels in both corridors, and a Concept-skills-practice matrix on the Integrated Landscape Approach for Inclusive Green Growth was developed.  Under SUSTAIN’s learning strategy, the Land Use Dialogues were launched in Tanzania and learning stories from the field were captured among the implementation partnership of SUSTAIN.  Policy influencing entry points were being consolidated and expanded at corridor and national levels, with direct contributions from SUSTAIN in Tanzania’s IWRMDP implementation plans, land use policies and agriculture strategic thinking; and in Mozambique’s strategy for environment and rural development and Zambeze Valley development plans.  SUSTAIN’s monitoring and evaluation framework continued to be honed as baseline data was collected, and Gender mainstreaming continued through partners’ meetings and the development of a Gender responsiveness Action Tool for the design, implementation and monitoring of SUSTAIN activities. 

All photos ©IUCN/Maria Ana Borges