SUSTAIN’s landscape demonstration activities in the Zambezi Valley corridor are located in the “Cahora Bassa Landscape”, which consists of the Cahora Bassa Lake Watershed area, which comprises communities from three districts of Magoe, including the Magoe National Park and its buffer zone, and Cahora Bassa with its large dam and the hydroelectric plant and Marara, characterised by drought and erosion areas :

  • The Cahora Bassa Lake where the project is focusing on sustainable fisheries and water quality issues and also promotes some livelihood strategy diversification, i.e. vegetable gardens and MSMEs.

  • Magoe National Park buffer zone and surrounding area where the project is focusing on biodiversity conservation, integrated forest management and development of sustainable livelihoods strategies and minimisation of human – animal conflict.

  • Dryland areas in Marara District delimitated by the Zambezi River in the north/east and the hills which can be seen in the south on the map below – where the project is focusing on sustainable watershed management, EbA based agriculture and sustainable livestock production.


Despite the existence of a huge water body (the Cahora Bassa Reservoir) storing nearly 56km3 of water in the Cahora Bassa Landscape, securing water for people, agriculture, animal husbandry and for the ecosystem as a whole, is a challenge. Only those communities living along the reservoir have permanent access to water.  The agro-ecological/climate conditions of the landscape, associated with deforestation and the ever increasing impacts of climate change result in severe erosion and siltation, reducing flow in small streams and leading them to dry up immediately after the rain season ends.