IUCN Annual Report 2017: Global Water Programme



As part of the SUSTAIN initiative, IUCN and partners trained over 2,000 farmers and parliamentarians in ‘growth corridors’ in Tanzania and Mozambique – areas designated to boost agricultural production, trade and economic integration across the continent – on sustainable water and landscape management and conservation agriculture. The aim of the initiative is to enable inclusive and climate-resilient economic growth in Africa. In Tanzania, IUCN held the second Land Use Dialogue, bringing together representatives from communities, businesses and the government. Results from the dialogue are strengthening the implementation of national policies on management of land, water and biodiversity in the Southern Agricultural Growth Corridor of Tanzania. IUCN also led the development of a Charter to establish the Tanzania Climate Smart Agriculture Alliance, which will help include climatesmart agriculture in government policies. With guidance from SUSTAIN’s partners and IUCN, the government of Tanzania approved the strategic plan to convert the 75,000 ha Kalambo Forest into Kalambo Nature Forest Reserve, to protect biodiversity and water sources. This will become the second-largest forest reserve in the country. SUSTAIN partners and IUCN helped finalise a five-year action plan and strategy for the restoration of the Katuma catchment. IUCN, together with its implementing partner and Member African Wildlife Foundation, also identified risks and opportunities posed by growth corridors in Africa.

Mpanda, Tanzania ©Mark Smith


Through the Building River Dialogues and Governance (BRIDGE) initiative, IUCN – working with the UNECE Water Convention Secretariat – held the first transboundary workshop for the Sio-Malaba-Malakisi basin shared between Kenya and Uganda, bringing In partnership with the Stimson Center, IUCN organised a series of dialogues between the governments of Viet Nam, Laos and Cambodia on energy provision, hydropower and power grid development in the lower Mekong countries. The results of the dialogues are being used in national strategies for more sustainable energy futures in the Mekong basin, to support sustainable economic development in the region and significantly reduce ecological, social and political risks. In the Xayá-Pixcayá basin in Guatemala, IUCN advised on drafting a law which aims to create the Authority for the Comprehensive and Sustainable Management of the Sub-basins of the Xayá-Pixcayá Rivers. If approved by the country’s Congress, the law will ensure safe drinking water for more than half a million people in Guatemala City. In the Cahoacán River Basin of Mexico, with IUCN’s support, communities restored 293 hectares of coffee agroforestry systems, and established 40 community water monitoring systems for domestic use to improve ecosystem management, water and food security. IUCN trained over 2,000 farmers and parliamentarians in Tanzania and Mozambique on conservation agriculture and sustainable water and landscape management.


In 2018, IUCN will form a new committee to guide the conservation and sustainable use of resources in the Kilombero landscape of Tanzania under the SUSTAIN initiative. The committee will also produce sustainable financing guidelines for the CEO Roundtable of Tanzania. IUCN will develop value chains for farmers in the Zambezi landscape, focusing on conservation farming and non-timber forest products. Under the BRIDGE initiative, IUCN will conduct an institutional review and provide recommendations for the establishment of a joint water cooperation mechanism in the Lake Malawi / Nyasa / Niassa basin. IUCN will also produce guidelines and recommendations on the management of the Catamayo-Chira River Basin, shared between Ecuador and Peru, and the Pungwe, Buzi and Save basins, shared between Mozambique and Zimbabwe. Partnering with the Central American Integration System, IUCN will hold a Regional Water Forum on national water management initiatives. IUCN will also publish a report on clean technology development and investment in water, energy and food. together diverse stakeholders. As a result, the basin stakeholders agreed to include natural infrastructure development, such as forest landscape restoration, in the management of the basin, moving beyond conventional built infrastructure. The project was supported by the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation and the US Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs (OES).

The Full IUCN Annual Report 2017 is available from the IUCN Library Portal Here