Abstract: Wallowa County is located in north-eastern Oregon on the dry side of the Cascade Mountains. Ponderosa pine forest in lowe elevations and mixed conifer are the dominant ecotypes with rangelands and rivers making important contributions to the reource base for rural livelihoods. Duiring the 20th century, forestry, with associated wood products from manufacturing, and livestock production were the primary sources of private-sector livelihood, tax revenue and wealth needed to support a diverse small town economy in Enterprise (the county seat), Joseph, Lostine and Wallowa. 

Authors: Mike Jones and Nils Christoffersen